The WannaCry ransomware (which is also called WannaCrypt by Microsoft and others) deploys a Windows exploit that had not been addressed and was used for surveillance by the National Security Agency (NSA). It also won't work if the infected computer was rebooted since first infected.
Earlier this year, Microsoft announced that it will continue to support Windows 7 until 2020, however, Markus Nitschke, Head of Windows at Microsoft Germany previously warned users, particularly business owners, of the dangers of using the operating system. The recent data show that most affected by the WannaCry ransomware were Microsoft's Windows 7 users. To come up with that figure, Kaspersky tallied the WannaCry detections its security software logged - and blocked - on various versions of Microsoft's operating system. The continuing use of the old OS is one of the conditions that contributed to the spread of WannaCry.
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In addition, while unpatched Windows computers can be remotely attacked with the Eternal Blue exploit and infected by the WannaCry ransomware, the lack of existence of this vulnerability does not really prevent the ransomware component from working, Kaspersky said.
Its Director-General/CEO, Dr Isa Pantami, said as IT systems have now become part of peoples' lives, the need for all to be vigilant and proactive as far as security is concerned can not be overemphasised. However, a significant number of computers across governments, businesses, and hospitals were not updated and thus were severely impacted. Custom support is a post-retirement pay-for-patches program available only to corporate customers. This ransomware takes advantage of a security hole in Windows server software that can be closed by an update from Microsoft https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/msrc/2017/05/12/customer-guidance-for-wannacrypt-attacks/.
Raiu thought different. "I think Microsoft was anxious about the possibility of someone leveraging this exploit", Raiu argued. Windows 10 was not affected by the WannaCry attacks.
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"The Federal Government should ensure they create platforms where the citizens are trained in best practices to avoid cyber attack". And even if you have Windows 7 or 8, and you accept Microsoft's steady flow of software updates, you're fine, too; Microsoft patched this hole back in March. That was almost double the share of the newer Windows 10, which clocked in at 29%, and more than eight times that of Windows XP's 8%. Specifically, more than 60% of victims were users of the 64-bit version of Windows 7 while about 32% were users of 32-bit version of Windows 7 operating system. Accordingly, those primes can be recovered, independently used to compute the encryption key and then used to decrypt all forcibly encrypted data.
Other factors may have played a part, however.
Windows automatically updates itself for security and bug fixes unless otherwise instructed, which means the vast majority of WannaCry infections should have been preventable.
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On the other hand, less than one in a thousand were powered by Windows XP making it nearly insignificant for the discussion. Interestingly, in the USA, the American Bar Association's ethics rules say that lawyers have a duty to know about technology, meaning that a law firm in America running Windows XP could be seen as failing in their duties.