China launched its first telescope for observing black holes


This new orbital telescope has been specially created to observe and study black holes, neutron stars and other energetic phenomena in space.

"Insight is expected to push forward the development of space astronomy and improve space X-ray detection technology in China", Xinhua said.

The country's official Xinhua news agency reported that the 2.5-ton Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (HXMT), the latest of several X-ray telescopes in space, launched on board a Long March-4B rocket from China's Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center on June 15.

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Onboard the CZ-4B rocket, the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (HXMT) was launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, in northwest China. HXMT will also look for the electromagnetic counterparts to gravitational waves, which were first detected by LIGO in 2015, and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) up to energies of 3,000 keV.

Chief designer Lu Fangjun, of the payload of HXMT, says the space telescope will focus on the Galactic plane. This will provide the data related to black holes, which will help us to understand the evolution of black holes. Therefore, Insight encompasses all other technologies throughout the world thanks to its larger detection area, wider view, and broader energy range.

The X-ray space telescope is named as "insight". Briefing to the media the project lead scientist said that this new launch would bring the new breakthrough in physics.

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But HXMT will not have that problem, as its collimators diffuse photons instead of focusing them.

Zhang Shuangnan, HXMT lead scientist, said the satellite's developers found that a set of HXMT high-energy detectors, originally created to shield background noises caused by unwanted particles, could be adjusted to observe gamma-ray bursts.

As we all know, the black holes are mysterious and we normally can not detect them.

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In April this year, China's first cargo spacecraft successfully docked with an orbiting space lab as the country moves towards it goal of having its own crewed space station by 2022. "China will actively conduct global cooperation in areas including lunar and Mars probes, manned space missions and space environment exploration". There are also looking forward to finding gamma-ray bursts, as well as further studying neuron stars as they rotate in space at unusually fast rates.