The Civil War was the most cataclysmic event that ever happened to America.
In the surrounding Virginia suburbs, there are schools named after southern Civil War figures, such as Stonewall Jackson and J.E.B.
In 1870, five years after the war, the funeral of Robert E. Lee was attended by prominent politicians from the north and, according to Emberton, Lee was "talked about like an American hero". In this dim light, Confederate memorials must be seen for what they are: celebrations of subjugation, objects of intimidation against African Americans, and a warning for blacks to stay in their place.
A statue of USA civil war General Robert E Lee has become the lightning rod for violent protest in recent times - but who was the man who still divides public opinion so much? He declined because he didn't want to fight against his home state of Virginia, and instead went on to become a general in the Confederate Army. He would win other important battles against other Union's generals, but he was often stalled. He was famously defeated at Gettysburg by Union Maj.
I don't recall Dad saying much about what he called the War Between the States, even though his own grandfather, as I learned much later, had served as a Confederate artilleryman.
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"George Washington was a slave owner".
Lee himself was a complex and polarizing figure.
"While we can not hide from our history, nor should we, the time has come to make clear the difference between properly acknowledging our past and glorifying the darkest chapters of our history", said Hogan, who before had resisted calls to move the statue.
We definitely should do a better job living it.
In the aftermath of Charlottesville, officials in Baltimore, Houston, San Antonio, Louisville, Ky., Lexington, Ky., Jacksonville, Fla., and other cites said they would push for the review or removal of Confederate monuments.
They have gone to great lengths trying to erase Lee from the public memory, but they are turning a blind eye to the fact that President Lincoln wasn't an abolitionist right from the start either, and that he declared war on southern states in 1861 not because he wanted to end slavery, but because he was desperate to stop them from seceding from the Union.
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A similar law in MS says statues, landmarks and memorials can't be taken off public property unless they block drivers from seeing the road or are put in another approved location. It also tried to argue that the war was not about slavery but high constitutional ideals. Such a defense of a supposed "Lost Cause" ignores the ways in which the Civil War initially was about the violation of states' rights - the violation of northern states' rights.
Should Lee's statue be taken down? A year later, the U.S. Congress voted to use federal funds to restore the Lee mansion in the Arlington National Cemetery.
In 2015, then SC governor Nikki Haley (now America's ambassador to the UN) had it removed from the state capitol grounds, with Alabama similarly removing four flags from around a Confederate memorial.
The decision immediately sparked a fierce backlash from the local population, which is predominantly white, and eventually led to last week's violent protests.
The rally in Charlottesville, Va., was called by white nationalists to protest plans to remove the statue of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee from a city park.
The city plans to remove the statue of Lee led to Saturday's "Unite the Right" rally, which erupted in violence, including the intentional ramming of a vehicle into a crowd of anti-racist demonstrators.
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