How to spot the signs of Type 2 diabetes

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Often considered to be an age-related ailment victimising people above 65 years-old, it can also become severe, thereby requiring insulin shots to keep sugar levels in check.

"It was extremely informative and I'd recommend it to anyone with type 2 diabetes".

However, through early diagnosis, appropriate management and follow-up checks, progression from pre-diabetes to Type 2 diabetes is preventable.

World Diabetes Day is observed on November 14 since it marks the birth anniversary of Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin, in 1922. "Family history is strong and obesity, metabolic syndrome and acanthosis nigricans (dark, velvety skin patches) are usually seen in young patients with type-2 diabetes", says Dr Tanvir Kaur, deputy director general, ICMR.

Type 1 diabetes is where the cells in the body that typically produce insulin have been destroyed, leaving the body unable to produce the key hormone. "Schools have to educate and train their staff in assisting and managing children with type 1 diabetes, a life threatening disorder", said Adya's mother Asha.

Yes and growing. Diabetes UK says the disease is "the fastest growing health threat of our times and an urgent public health issue".

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According to official statistics, diabetes has been recognised as the ninth leading cause of death in women, yet many women with the disease are unaware they have it. In addition, there are an estimated 1.1 million Britons who have not yet been diagnosed.

He said: "Living with type one diabetes can be really tough at times and it can get you down".

Typically, people are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes from the age of 40, but there are some exceptions.

Type-2 diabetes in the young is more aggressive than in adults, the registry shows. There is always the risk of these kids losing consciousness owing to low blood sugar levels.

Plus your genetic make-up plays a strong part.

Nearly half of women who die in low-income countries due to high blood glucose die prematurely, before the age of 70 years.

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Though diabetes is caused due to improper availability of insulin in the body, people suffering from this suffer from frequent urination, hunger, weight gain, unusual weight loss, fatigue, intense thirst, cuts and bruises that do not heal. While sugar levels of children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes need to be constantly monitored, the autoimmune condition literally robs them of the joys of childhood.

While pregnant women can also suffer from gestinational diabetes, when they produce too much blood sugar while carrying their unborn baby.

What are the symptoms and how can they be treated?
. If you have a hypo, you need to eat something sugary as soon as possible - fruit juice, non-diet cola, candies or glucose tablets.

Someone with exceptionally high levels of blood sugar might have blurred vision or feel worn out, as well as have an increased thirst or hunger. That means when I eat, I have to inject insulin, which I do. It is advisable for diabetic patients to maintain their blood pressure and cholesterol as risk of cardiovascular diseases are higher in these patients.

How do I know if I have diabetes?

Can I avoid getting it?
The crucial thing to me is being a diabetic doesn't stop you from doing anything'.

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