Google Doodle glorifies DNA researcher Har Gobind Khorana on his birthday


His father - one of the only literate people in the village - taught his children how to read and write. After his graduation and masters from Panjab University, Lahore Khorana moved to England for his doctoral studies at the University of Liverpool.

Born into childhood poverty, Khoran used scholarships and fellowships to advance his education to become a respected biochemist who was awarded a share of the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

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The trio discovered that the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built. These amino acids form proteins, which carry out the functions of a living cell.

Dr. Khorana was well-known for his pervasive research on DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) and also for constructing the first synthetic gene. Khorana was also the first scientist to chemically synthesize oligonucleotides.

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Khorana was honoured with several awards in his lifetime including the National Medal of Science. Four years later, he announced that he had made an artificial gene to function within a bacterial cell. Har Gobind Khorana is known for extensive research on DNA. The tiny engineered organism was a massive leap forward, helping launch the biotechnology sector and blazing a trail for scientists looking to manipulate life at its most fundamental levels, including recent work on editing genomes using the CRISPR/Cas9 system.

Khorana died on November 9, 2011, due to natural causes and is survived by his children Julia and Davel. Roger J.S. Beer supervised his research, and, in addition, looked after him diligently.

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Khorana then went to Zurich to work with Professor Vladimir Prelog.