It shows the growing severity of the issue


Adults ages 45 to 64 had the largest increase in the suicide rate, from 13.2 suicides per 100,000 people in 1999 to 19.2 suicides per 100,000 in 2016.

The high proportion of older people who are white and low rates of religiosity in New Hampshire may also play a role, she said. Information about contributing circumstances for those who died by suicide was obtained via the National Violent Death Reporting System, which is relatively new and in place in only 27 states.

She and her colleagues collected data on suicides from every state.

Family members or friends concerned about someone who is struggling can ask directly about suicide and remove firearms or any other means the person is considering from the home, said Jennifer Stuber, director of Forefront Suicide Prevention at the University of Washington in Seattle. Suicide rates rose in 49 states between 1999 and 2016 across all age groups, ethnicities, gender and race. The biggest increases have been in states like Oklahoma, Montana and Wyoming where gun ownership, drug use and economic hardship are common.

The findings were published in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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The analysis found that slightly more than half the people who had died by suicide did not have any known mental-health condition.

Increasingly, suicide is being viewed not only as a mental health problem but a public health one. Most cases, Schuchat says, can't be traced back to one single cause or trigger. They were the source of about half of all suicides, the researchers say, and that percentage has stayed stable over the years.

The CDC report was released at a time of heightened attention to the issue with the suicide this week of fashion designer Kate Spade. All such changes would reduce the suffering that leads to suicide.

This finding follows a 2017 CDC report that detailed the rise of suicide prevalence in rural U.S. counties.

But Anestis believes that it's important to not beat around the bush when it comes to guns and to talk about the importance of things like setting waiting periods for purchase, and storing guns locked and unloaded.

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"American suicide is predominantly a firearm issue". They were also more likely to commit a homicide followed by suicide (aOR = 2.9, 95% CI = 2.2-3.8) than the latter group. "The conversation about firearms and suicide doesn't have to be a debate about the Second Amendment".

In 2015, most of the people who died by their own hands had alcohol or some sort drug in their blood, including tranquilizers like Valium or Xanax, and opioids.

"You may be thinking about it over time, but that moment when you actually make an attempt is a very short window", he explains.

Prevention efforts are best done when "people can get help solving the underlying drivers of the problems causing them to feel hopeless and despair", Stuber said. "And there's good research to support that". The CDC's Vital Signs report notes that the rates of most causes of death have been declining.

He points out, for example, that the nation now has no federally funded suicide prevention program for adults. "We can't expect a major public health problem like this to be addressed unless we see the investment".

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Brosnahan said, "We are grateful for the incredible outpouring of love and support the family has received over the last few days. They returned to the fashion world in 2016 by founding Frances Valentine, which was partly named after Frances Beatrice.